Nishmat's Women’s Health and HalachaIn memory of Chaya Mirel bat R' Avraham

  • Hebrew
  • English
  • Espnaol
  • Francais
Menu

Miscarriage & pidyon haben

23 February, 2005

Question:

I have question for a friend about the laws of a pidyon haben. She had a miscarriage with her first pregnancy, and has now given birth to a son.

Does it matter how far along they were before the miscarriage?

Does it matter if they didn't go to the mikvah?


Answer:

A pidyon haben (redemption of the firstborn son) is not dependant on whether a woman went to the mikveh before conceiving.

If a woman miscarried within forty days after conception (usually forty days after going to the mikveh, in halachic terms), her next child is considered her firstborn, and, if a boy, should have a pidyon haben.

If the miscarriage occurred more than 40 days after conception, there will be no pidyon haben unless there was no "rikum" (tissue).  If ther is doubt as to whether or not there was tissue in the miscarriage, then a pidyon is required without a bracha and with the kohen having in mind to return the money.  We suggest discussing this point with a local rabbi if it becomes relevant.


This internet service does not preclude, override or replace the psak of any rabbinical authority. It is the responsibility of the questioner to inform us of any previous consultation or ruling. As even slight variation in circumstances may have Halachic consequences, views expressed concerning one case may not be applied to other, seemingly similar cases. All health and health-related information contained within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is intended to be general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for consulting with your health care professional. The advice is intended to offer a basis for individuals to discuss their medical condition with their health care provider but not individual advice. Although every effort is made to ensure that the material within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is accurate and timely, it is provided for the convenience of the Web site user but should not be considered official. Advice for actual medical practice should be obtained from a licensed health care professional.

For further questions or comments: 

The Nishmat Women's Health and Halacha Site is a public service of Nishmat, The Jeanie Schottenstein Center for Advanced Torah Study for Women. This project and others like it are made possible by contributions from people like you. If you have benefited from the service, and wish to enable us to help others, click here to donate.


Users of Internet filtering services: This site discusses sensitive subjects that some services filter without visual indication. A page that appears 100% complete might actually be missing critical Jewish-law or medical information. To ensure that you view the pages accurately, ask the filtering service to whitelist all pages under yoatzot.org.