Immersion for blind person
10 December, 2008
What are the halachot related to a blind person immersing in the mikveh? If the responsibility of preparation and chatzitzot resides with the person immersing and not on the witness, how does a person verify that he/she is ready to immerse? Would the person be exempt altogether? This question has come up at the mikveh in which I work for a person converting to Judaism. Any sources you might be able to direct me to would be most helpful.
Thank you! This is such a wonderful resource and I appreciate any help you are able to give.
The answer below is phrased in the feminine, and is applicable to immersion either for conversion or for taharat hamishpacha. The same halachot apply to a man immersing for conversion, in which case any necessary assistance should of course be offered by another man.
A blind woman is responsible for all of the preparations for immersion. If she needs assistance with a particular task, she should ask for help from another woman (not her husband). Theoretically, a blind woman is capable of inspecting herself completely by feeling her body for any barriers. Practically, she may need assistance with the inspection and should ask the attendant for help when necessary.
If she needs assistance entering and exiting the water, another woman may escort her. If she needs assistance immersing, she may hold on loosely to the wall or a bar, making sure her entire body is immersed. If she feels it is necessary to hold on to someone for assistance, she may hold on loosely to another woman’s arm. The assistant should first her wet her arm with the mikveh water to ensure that the area where the blind woman grasps her is touching mikveh water.
In the case of a blind woman immersing for taharat hamishpacha, the Shulchan Aruch (YD 196:7) explicitly discusses the question of performing bedikot. She performs the required bedikot and has them examined by another woman (or by her husband if he is sighted and does not find it distasteful). Given the added difficulty involved in having someone else examine the bedikot, it is permissible for a blind woman to do only one bedikah per day during the shivah neki’im. It may also be possible for bedikot to be reviewed online through Tahor App; visually impaired women can contact them directly to arrange this.
Please feel free to get back to us with any further questions.
This response was updated on 19 February, 2020.
This internet service does not preclude, override or replace the psak of any rabbinical authority. It is the responsibility of the questioner to inform us of any previous consultation or ruling. As even slight variation in circumstances may have Halachic consequences, views expressed concerning one case may not be applied to other, seemingly similar cases. All health and health-related information contained within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is intended to be general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for consulting with your health care professional. The advice is intended to offer a basis for individuals to discuss their medical condition with their health care provider but not individual advice. Although every effort is made to ensure that the material within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is accurate and timely, it is provided for the convenience of the Web site user but should not be considered official. Advice for actual medical practice should be obtained from a licensed health care professional.
For further questions or comments:
The Nishmat Women's Health and Halacha Site is a public service of Nishmat, The Jeanie Schottenstein Center for Advanced Torah Study for Women. This project and others like it are made possible by contributions from people like you. If you have benefited from the service, and wish to enable us to help others, click here to donate.
Users of Internet filtering services: This site discusses sensitive subjects that some services filter without visual indication. A page that appears 100% complete might actually be missing critical Jewish-law or medical information. To ensure that you view the pages accurately, ask the filtering service to whitelist all pages under yoatzot.org.