When & how to observe onot on Pill
9 June, 2013
I’m fairly newly married and am confused about onah. I’m worried that I’m missing something… since I am taking birth control, my understanding is that my onah period is once a month, corresponding to the day or night in which I got my period last month. Is that correct?
And then as for how I “observe” it, it’s a time during which my husband and I can still touch and can even hug and give each other kisses hello and goodbye and can even cuddle in bed and can sleep on the same bed without separating them, but we can’t be together sexually. If the onah passes and my period still hasn’t come, then I should do a bedikah before we intend to be together sexually, if we do (which we generally don’t). Is that all there is to it, or am I missing something?
Mazal tov on your recent wedding!
Yes, your undersanding of when to observe onot is correct and is in accordance with the position of our current rabbinic supervisor, Rabbi Kenneth Auman. For more details on how to calculate, please see Vesatot and Hormonal Treatments.
Regarding standard practice during the onat perishah, sexual relations are prohibited and a couple should also refrain from overtly sexual touch. Casual touch is fully permissible. There are different opinions and customs regarding affectionate touch of a non-sexual nature, such as some types of hugging and kissing. While stringency here is praiseworthy, the needs of the specific couple play a large role in determining conduct in this area. Whether a cuddle is permissible for a couple likewise depends on the couple’s assessment and needs, whether it is more relaxation-oriented or more sexually affectionate. But stringency would be valued.
Sleeping in the same bed may be technically permissible on an onat veset, but many halachic authorities strongly discourage it.
An additional requirement during an onah is performing at least one bedikah. There are varying opinions about the number of bedikot one performs during an onah. Some say only one bedikah at any point during the onah is required (and this viewpoint may be readily relied on), although there are opinions that require two (one at the beginning of the onah, and another at the end) or even three (beginning, middle and end). Some authorities maintain that a bedikah right after the onah is also sufficient.
When a woman neglects to perform a bedikah on her onah beinonit or veset kavua, she may not resume relations until she has performed a bedikah. In other cases of forgetting, no bedikah is required subsequent to the onat perishah. A couple should use common sense in deciding whether to have relations at that point.
Please write back with any further questions.
This response was updated on 3 February 2022.
This internet service does not preclude, override or replace the psak of any rabbinical authority. It is the responsibility of the questioner to inform us of any previous consultation or ruling. As even slight variation in circumstances may have Halachic consequences, views expressed concerning one case may not be applied to other, seemingly similar cases. All health and health-related information contained within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is intended to be general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for consulting with your health care professional. The advice is intended to offer a basis for individuals to discuss their medical condition with their health care provider but not individual advice. Although every effort is made to ensure that the material within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is accurate and timely, it is provided for the convenience of the Web site user but should not be considered official. Advice for actual medical practice should be obtained from a licensed health care professional.
For further questions or comments:
The Nishmat Women's Health and Halacha Site is a public service of Nishmat, The Jeanie Schottenstein Center for Advanced Torah Study for Women. This project and others like it are made possible by contributions from people like you. If you have benefited from the service, and wish to enable us to help others, click here to donate.
Users of Internet filtering services: This site discusses sensitive subjects that some services filter without visual indication. A page that appears 100% complete might actually be missing critical Jewish-law or medical information. To ensure that you view the pages accurately, ask the filtering service to whitelist all pages under yoatzot.org.