Nishmat's Women’s Health and HalachaIn memory of Chaya Mirel bat R' Avraham

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6 September, 2020



My wife has pain on penetration and has seen a gynecologist who diagnosed her with dyspareunia.

We have discussed the option of seeing a physiotherapist, but between the cost and time she isn’t interested. I honestly feel wrong to push her to do what is basically a selfish request. I have been ejaculating outside during relations. I will add that we have a an otherwise healthy physical relationship and we both enjoy our intimacy. (I can speak only for myself of course, but my wife appears to me very satisfied).

My question is whether there is an issue of hotzaat zera l’vatala in this method I use to prevent causing pain. If so, do you have any suggestions as to how to broach this with my wife in a way which is honest and not sounding selfish?


We appreciate the sensitive nature of this question.

Dyspareunia is an increasingly common diagnosis, with great ramifications for a couple. (On a medical note, use of hormonal contraceptives is sometimes associated with increased vaginal dryness and with lowered libido.)

Our site’s rabbinic supervisor, Rav Yehuda Henkin permits ejaculation at the very entrance of the vagina, without penetration, in these cases. Out of concern for hotza’at zera levatalah, he would not permit freely ejaculating outside without more detailed information about the specifics of your wife’s condition.

It is a testament to your strengths as a couple that you have found a path to satisfying and enjoyable intimacy notwithstanding her condition. While we agree that it is your wife who is most directly affected by it and who must make choices about her health, we do not view a desire on your part for her to seek treatment as essentially selfish. Her condition has a direct impact on you and limits both of your options for intimacy, as well as affecting choices about conception and contraception.

Although there is a substantial investment in time and money involved in seeking treatment, the dividends can be well worth it for both of you, especially when considered in the long term. Many women with dyspareunia feel discomfort, embarrassment, or fear which can be exacerbated by the prospect of seeking treatment. We suspect that these also play a role in your wife’s reluctance to pursue physical therapy.

As far as broaching the matter, we suggest choosing a time carefully (or even asking in advance for a good time to really talk) and beginning by asking your wife how she feels about your intimate life, with a focus on drawing her out and listening to her. What does she enjoy more or enjoy less? How can you increase her satisfaction? How does she see her condition as affecting your relations? How can you be most sensitive to it? See if you can follow up concretely on what you learn.

In a follow up conversation, you can ask if she’d be open to hearing about how you feel. Be sure to share all the positives, and then tell her about the halachic considerations that have been weighing on you and about any desires you might have for more options for intimacy.

Then follow up by asking her if she’d be willing to discuss pursuing treatment. Ask her what her feelings about it are, tell her in a loving way why her pursuing it would be meaningful to you, and lay out steps you personally are willing to take to support her treatment (whether by helping her reach her appointments or pitching in extra when she needs to go).

We hope this helps. Please let us know if we can be of further assistance.

This internet service does not preclude, override or replace the psak of any rabbinical authority. It is the responsibility of the questioner to inform us of any previous consultation or ruling. As even slight variation in circumstances may have Halachic consequences, views expressed concerning one case may not be applied to other, seemingly similar cases. All health and health-related information contained within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is intended to be general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for consulting with your health care professional. The advice is intended to offer a basis for individuals to discuss their medical condition with their health care provider but not individual advice. Although every effort is made to ensure that the material within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is accurate and timely, it is provided for the convenience of the Web site user but should not be considered official. Advice for actual medical practice should be obtained from a licensed health care professional.

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