Nishmat's Women’s Health and HalachaIn memory of Chaya Mirel bat R' Avraham

  • Hebrew
  • English
  • Espnaol
  • Francais
  • donate
Side Bar

Staining from c-section scar

1 September, 2020


My question is the following. I am 37 years old.

Since I was 12 I’ve always had a 7 day period. I have been married for nearly 10 years, bH, and for about the first 7 years I went to the mikvah after 14 days. I have been blessed with a regular cycle.

However ever since I had my third child 3 years ago, my periods have shortened. They stop completely after 5 days. Now the tricky part is that I had to have a cesarean, and apparently the internal scar is holding some blood that can drain for a couple of days after my period has stopped. So day 6 will be clear (would be day 1 of clean days) but then a brown colour comes out when I wipe a wee, for about two or three days. It doesn’t come out onto the white underwear, but it’s there when I wipe. I had doctors confirm that it’s not a period, but old blood that it’s being held by internal scar tissue. So what must I do?

The other thing is, I have ALWAYS felt the mittelschmertz, the ovulation pain on either ovary, alternating each month, on the 14th day. But ever since my periods shortened, I have been feeling this on day 12. By the time I wait 7 clean days and go to the mikvah, this pain is long gone, which means ovulation has long passed. But what am I supposed to do? Ignore the old blood and go after 12 days? Or carry on going late like I’ve been doing and going around day 17?

Thank you very much!


It is fairly common for a woman’s cycle to change in her late 30s and for there to be some residual staining from C-section scars. This type of staining need not always disrupt the clean days, for a few reasons:

First, not all bleeding or staining is a niddah color. Some browns are acceptable even on bedikah cloths and thus have no effect on the clean days. For example, a light brown with no hint of a reddish tint (like coffee with milk, or lighter) may be disregarded. If you have brown stains on bedikot (any size) or on white underwear (larger than a gris), we encourage you to have them evaluated by a local halachic authority. Be sure to ask if the shade in question is one you can evaluate for yourself in the future. You are welcome to contact us with your location for assistance finding a halachic authority.

Second, if the brown is a niddah color, then it still may be possible to get through the clean days by reducing the number of bedikot performed. In this case, we would suggest performing the hefsek taharah and the first bedikah of the next day (day one of the clean days). You would then omit bedikot for the two or three days of staining, resuming them when staining subsides.

Third, staining on toilet paper need not make a woman niddah, regardless of its color, so long as she waited at least a few seconds between urinating and wiping. For more information on this topic, please see our article “Toilet Paper.”

We hope that the above information will help you reach the mikveh sooner, and also relieve your concerns about ovulation timing. Generally speaking, women ovulate around fourteen days prior to the onset of menstrual bleeding. Mittelschmertz can sometimes be misleading. If you remain concerned about ovulation prior to immersion, we suggest that you use ovulation stick tests to pinpoint the timing of ovulation over the next few cycles. Then please get back to us with more details to follow up. You can also learn more about ovulation prior to immersion here.

Please feel free to get back to us with any further questions.

This internet service does not preclude, override or replace the psak of any rabbinical authority. It is the responsibility of the questioner to inform us of any previous consultation or ruling. As even slight variation in circumstances may have Halachic consequences, views expressed concerning one case may not be applied to other, seemingly similar cases. All health and health-related information contained within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is intended to be general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for consulting with your health care professional. The advice is intended to offer a basis for individuals to discuss their medical condition with their health care provider but not individual advice. Although every effort is made to ensure that the material within Nishmat's Women's Health & Halacha Web site is accurate and timely, it is provided for the convenience of the Web site user but should not be considered official. Advice for actual medical practice should be obtained from a licensed health care professional.

For further questions or comments: 

The Nishmat Women's Health and Halacha Site is a public service of Nishmat, The Jeanie Schottenstein Center for Advanced Torah Study for Women. This project and others like it are made possible by contributions from people like you. If you have benefited from the service, and wish to enable us to help others, click here to donate.

Users of Internet filtering services: This site discusses sensitive subjects that some services filter without visual indication. A page that appears 100% complete might actually be missing critical Jewish-law or medical information. To ensure that you view the pages accurately, ask the filtering service to whitelist all pages under

Accessibility Toolbar